Press release from Zero Waste Europe

Zero Waste Europe welcomes the ENVI committee’s draft report on the revision of the Renewable Energy Directive. This report represents a first important step towards the alignment of EU energy and circular economy policies, by excluding financial support for incineration of mixed municipal solid waste. Continue reading »

UKWIN has obtained the full set of Annual Incinerator Monitoring Reports for 2016 from the Environment Agency (EA). These reports are produced by the operators of these facilities and then passed on to the EA. These reports are available from UKWIN’s archive of Annual Incinerator Performance Reports and Permits

In an accompanying e-mail message to UKWIN the EA helpfully noted that:

“This contains the annual reports and annual reporting forms for all of the municipal and biomass waste incinerators which were fully operational for the whole of 2016. In many cases the annual reporting forms have been incorporated into the annual reports and in some cases they are separate, but hopefully this will contain all the information you need.

“Feel free to circulate the link as you see fit but please note that not all of the annual reports will yet have been checked by the local inspectors and so may contain errors or omissions which will be picked up once they are reviewed (and then we can update the data set later this year). In the meantime though please do let me know if there is any information that you think it missing or which may be incorrect, and I will follow it up.”

If there is anything you wish to draw to UKWIN’s attention regarding these reports, please e-mail:

UKWIN notes that in addition to greenhouse gas emissions that exacerbate climate change, incinerators (including gasification and pyrolysis plants) emit many toxins and pollutants, giving rise to public health concerns. Although incinerator fumes pass through expensive filter systems, modern incinerators still emit significant levels of dioxins, NOx and ultrafine particles that can be harmful to both human health and the natural environment.

Dioxins are a group of chemicals that are carcinogenic and act as endocrine disruptors. Dioxin emission levels from incinerators are typically measured twice a year by external assessors who have to give prior notice of their visits, so operators can ensure that a plant is running under optimal conditions for that visit. Even then, where problems are detected they are often blamed on unrepresentative samples or poorly calibrated equipment and are re-run. The assumption is not typically made that non-breech readings could be untrue and need to be re-run, so there is a bias towards under-reporting emissions breaches. Where more frequent or continuous measurements are made, total dioxin emissions have been found to be very much higher than those calculated from biannual measurements [De Fre and Wevers 1998 & Reinmann et al 2006].

Congratulations are in order for UKWIN and others campaigning for Zero Waste. UKWIN’s National Coordinator, Shlomo Dowen, achieved 8th place in Resource Magazine’s annual Hot 100 poll of the industry’s biggest influencers. Continue reading »

UKWIN welcomes the Environmental Audit Committee’s call for the Treasury to set out its plans on the future of the Landfill Tax and how the Treasury intends to support further investment in recycling, and UKWIN is calling for HM Treasury to extend the Landfill Tax into a Residual Waste Tax that pushes waste from the ‘residual’ stream into reduction, re-use, recycling and composting. Continue reading »

The United Kingdom Without Incineration Network (UKWIN) has today published a briefing entitled “Gasification Failures in the UK: Bankruptcies and Abandonment”. This seven-page document draws upon published material to highlight how risky an investment these technologies have proved to be. Continue reading »

Joint press release by Biofuelwatch, UK Without Incineration Network and Coal Action Network

12th October 2016 – Environmental campaign groups warn that the imminent takeover of the UK’s so far publicly owned Green Investment Bank (GIB) by the Australian Macquarie Group [1] will put an end to its green credentials. Those credentials have already come under doubt as a result of investments in coal and biomass burning Drax power station [2] and in waste incineration [3].

Group, who describes itself as “a leading provider of financial, advisory, investment and funds management services” [4] is a longstanding investor in fossil fuels, including coal mining. In the UK, it has also invested in a controversial large new biomass power station [5] and in an unsuccessful waste incineration venture [6].

According to researchers for a Friends of the Earth Australia fossil fuel divestment campaign, Macquarie Group has loaned £1.61 billion (AUS$2.62 billion) for fossil fuel, including coal, extraction and burning since 2008 [7]. It has helped finance one of Australia’s largest new opencast coal mines, which has already involved cutting down one highly biodiverse forest [8]. Macquarie holds shares [9] in BHP Billiton, co-owner of the Cerrejón mine in Colombia, one of the world’s largest opencast coal mines, which sells coal to Drax power station and which has been linked to the displacement of whole villages and to indigenous peoples losing their access to sufficient clean water and food [10].

Australian campaigners further highlighted that during this year’s AGM, the Chairman of Macquarie Group appeased vociferous climate change deniers amongst shareholders by saying “There are two sides to this debate”, instead of endorsing the scientific consensus on climate change [11].

Almuth Ernsting from Biofuelwatch [12] states: “Even under government ownership, the Green Investment Bank has made some very questionable investments, none more so than their loan for Drax, who now burn more wood every year than the UK produces annually, much of it from clearcut coastal wetland forests in the southern US, and who still burn around 6 million tonnes of coal a year, too. The sale of the GIB to a big fossil fuel investor gives us no confidence that wiser investment decisions will be made in future.”

Anne Harris from Coal Action Network [13] adds: “Even if the GIB is unlikely to directly fund further coal projects, future ownership by Macquarie takes away any hope that the loan to Drax will be rescinded. Furthermore, it raises the prospect of similar bad investments in future that benefit both forest destruction for biomass and, indirectly, coal burning”.

According to Shlomo Dowen, National Coordinator for the United Kingdom Without Incineration Network (UKWIN) [14]: “So long as the GIB invests in projects such as waste incineration and biomass incineration that result in the release of thousands of tonnes of greenhouse gases a year they should not be allowed to describe themselves as ‘green’. We had hoped that anybody looking to take on the ‘green’ moniker would commit to a complete moratorium on investments that involve the burning or gasification of waste and biomass. However, Macquarie’s past record leaves us with deep concerns.”




[1] As reported in the Financial Times on 9th October (, Macquarie has put in the higher of two offers for the Green Investment Bank (GIB), thus making their takeover of the GIB all but certain.

[2] The Green Investment Bank’s first substantial loan went to Drax plc, for the partial conversion of their coal power station to biomass. According to then Secretary of State Vince Cable, without this loan, Drax power station “would have closed down because it has to meet European rules on coal use and it wouldn’t have been able to survive” ( Drax now burns around 6 million tonnes of coal a year, as well as burning more wood annually than the UK produces in one year, much of it sourced from clearcut coastal wetland forests in the southern US. See for a fully referenced background briefing.

[3] Between 2012 and March 2015 alone, GIB helped finance seven waste incinerators:


[5] Macquarie has acquired a 50% stake in Tees Renweable Energy Plant, which will burn pellets made from up to 3 million tonnes of wood every year. Under a supply contract, most of the wood will be sourced from Enviva (, who are also Drax’s single biggest supplier and who have been shown to source wood from clearcut wetland forests.

[6] Note that the term incineration is used to include waste gasification and pyrolysis technologies. Macquarie acquired the energy business of New Earth Ventures in October 2015. New Earth had at that stage ceased trying to operate an unsuccessful waste gasification plant in Avonmouth, Bristol and abandoned plans for another one in Galashields, Scotland. See: Since then, Macquarie has resumed operations of the Avonmouth gasifier, but has no succeeded in running it at more than 11% of its capacity (

[7] Figures confirmed to Biofuelwatch by Market Forces, a project set up by and affiliated to Friends of the Earth Australia ( by email on 11th October 2016.

[8] See about the Maules Creek Coal mine, for which Macquarie lent £255 million.


[10] See for example


[12] Biofuelwatch is a UK/US campaigning organisation which provides research, advocacy and information about the impacts of large-scale industrial bioenergy:

[13] The Coal Action Network support communities in the UK and beyond campaigning against the coal mines which supply the UK’s remaining 8 coal fired power stations:

[14] The United Kingdom Without Incineration Network (UKWIN) is a network of around 100 campaign groups opposing waste incineration, including gasification and pyrolysis:

The United Kingdom Without Incineration Network (UKWIN) is proud to announce that copies of an illustrated Zero Waste pamphlet are now available for purchase. Continue reading »

UKWIN’s Emissions Dispersion Modelling Appraisal focuses on modelling emissions from point sources and on emissions from incinerators in particular including the relative performance of competing modelling systems ADMS and AERMOD, and it has been updated.

Continue reading »

Air Products has opted to face a $1bn write-off in preference to carrying on with their doomed gasification projects in Tees Valley, and have belatedly decided to get out of the so-called ‘Advanced Thermal Treatment’ business “blaming technical problems and rising costs” (Source). Continue reading »

The following letter was today sent by UKWIN to Jonathan Taylor, Vice President of the European Investment Bank (EIB):

Hello Jonathan,

We are disappointed to read at that the EIB is still supporting incineration projects.

The EIB should be supporting the circular economy and removing waste from the residual stream, not perpetuating outdated technologies that result in the lock-in of valuable resources into the bottom tiers of the waste hierarchy.

There are no guarantees that the feedstock would not be reduced, re-used and recycled given appropriate education, collection, sorting and treatment infrastructure. Furthermore, there is already more incineration capacity built and under construction in the UK than there is genuinely residual waste to burn.

“We have to have a circular economy concept, so it’s highly important that we’re pumping back materials into the economy rather than burning or burying them.” – William Neale, then member of cabinet for European Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik with responsibility for waste.

The EIB should cease all unsustainable investments in harmful technologies, including incineration, and attempt to de-fund any incineration projects (including gasification and pyrolysis) already funded so as to allow for a rapid move towards a more circular economy and a recycling society.


Shlomo Dowen,
National Coordinator of the United Kingdom Without Incineration Network


Following on closely from the Secretary of State’s decision to call-in one of their incinerator applications due to various concerns about their proposal, beleaguered Clean Power Properties has been faced with a double whammy today in both England and Wales.

Whilst the website of RLand, advisors to Clean Power Properties, have boasted that: “…Projects are…taken expertly from inception, through planning and development, to full operation and maintenance”, in fact none of CPP’s incineration plants proposed in the UK have ever obtained an Environmental Permit, let alone become operational, and CPP has actually suffered a series of planning failures.

Continue reading »

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